Oliver House Museum
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Oliver House Museum

World War I: The World's First Global Conflict

It has been 100 years since Yates County sent 630 inductees to the Great War. Of these, 530 faces are on exhibit along with uniforms, bond posters and personal effects. Delve into the history of these faces by reading their published biographies.

When the United States joined the war in Europe in April of 1917, Admiral Frank Schofield (1869 - 1942), born to a Yates County tenant farmer, was assigned to the Office of Naval Operations in Washington DC. He was a Captain at the time and was in charge of the Planning Division that was developing strategies to be used against German U-Boats in the North Atlantic. In December of 1917, Admiral Sims, the Commander of U.S. Naval Forces in Europe, asked that Schofield be transferred to his office in London to continue that work. He served in London from December of 1917 until December of 1918. Schofield’s team got President Wilson to issue an executive order to arm merchant vessels, instituted the convoy system for ships bound for Europe, developed strategies for the use of airplanes as sub-spotters, developed the use of depth charges, and worked with British scientists to develop “listening devices," known today as sonar.

Visit our Article Archive to read more on Admiral Frank H. Schofield who went on to become Commander-in-Chief of the entire US Fleet. His portrait, by naval artist Arthur Beaumont, is on exhibit. An Interactive WWI Timeline by the National WWI Museum and Memorial illustrates the complete conflict.

World War I - The War that changed everything, including the toys children played with. Tank and Soldier Display on loan from Ken Agona, member of the Board of Trustees of YCHC.


The Healers

For 100 years the Oliver doctors treated injuries from train, sawmill and farming accidents, burns, and diseases such as dropsy, catarrh and apoplexy. The exhibit focuses on their training, treatments and daily life as highly respected members of the Yates County community. On display are Dr. Andrew Oliver’s desk with daily ledger, the medical library, and examples of tonics and treatments used to heal the sick. The doctors’ legacy as noble benefactors of a suffering humanity lives on in this extensive display.

Centennial Exhibit: Cornell Cooperative Extension-Yates County

The early part of the nineteenth century saw many new organizations and clubs begin in Yates County-Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, American Legion, 4-H and Farm Bureau. Farmers needed training to work with new motorized farm equipment. They wanted more science based research about their soils and crops to make a better profit. The land grant college at Cornell University brought that knowledge to Yates County via Farm Bureau and eventually Cornell Cooperative Extension.

Visit this comprehensive exhibit including a timeline of notable events through the CCE Yates one hundred year history. The exhibit is a result of combined efforts on the part of CCE staff and the History Center staff. Open through March 30, 2019.

& More

Five major rooms in the house, many with original furnishings and portraits, are maintained as Victorian period rooms on permanent display. One room is dedicated to Native American history. Creative staff and volunteers continue to design new displays to showcase artifacts from the collections of the YCHC. Below is a sneak peak at recently curated exhibits.



L. Caroline Underwood Museum

Hear Our One Voice: Women's Suffrage Exhibit

Using images and costumes from the archives of the YCHC, the exhibit presents topics such as dress reform, Native American influence on women's rights campaigns, women's work, and the campaign itself. View rare Yates County petition boards carried by women in the final New York City Suffrage Parade in 1917. Hear the stories of remarkable women of Yates County.

As a virtual extension in the celebration of women visit our collection of first-person recordings of Women Who Made A Difference.



Scherer Carriage House Museum

Nationally renowned as the Publick Universal Friend, Jemima Wilkinson and her group of followers formed the first pioneer settlement in what is presently Yates County. The Society of Universal Friends, consisting of nearly 300 members, was the largest of its kind this far west in New York State in the year of 1790.

The Scherer Carriage House Museum is dedicated entirely to Jemima Wilkinson, her impact on women, religion and Yates county. It is here where you can learn about her religious reawakening and courageous journey.

Yates County History Center
107 Chapel Street, Penn Yan, NY 14527
Phone 315.536.7318 | Fax 315.536.0976
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Tuesday, October 23, 2018 | Copyright © 2018